This page follows Hang gliding mid 1980s.
The images on this page, with one exception, are artistic derivations of contemporary photos. See Copyright of early hang gliding photos.
By the late 1980s, hang glider development proceeded at a slower pace than during its early days in the 1970s. Meanwhile, photography and, in particular, quality of printing improved markedly during this period.
Larry Witherspoon used a disc camera — in which the film negatives were arranged in a circle rather than a linear strip — to take this snap. For more of Larry Witherspoon see Rogallo versus Quicksilver in colour in Hang gliding 1974 part 2 and Hang gliding 1994 and 1995.
During the last half mile walk on my daily journey from my weekday accommodation to work in the centre of London, I passed a similarly large billboard. Its picture was a scenic view with, in the distance against the sky, a hang glider flying. The caption was You can spot a [Whatever] pensioner from a mile away.
This truck tow system was developed by Airtime of Lubbock (ATOL) in Texas. The Fly America team used it to cross the U.S.A. by hang glider in a trip lasting several months. (See Across the U.S.A. by hang glider later on this page.)
The major manufacturers were at this time creating hang gliders of ever higher performance, such as the Wills Wing HP-AT, Ultralight Products Axis, and Airwave
Magic Kiss K-1. However, there was a need for gliders with easier handling, of lighter weight, and with easier rigging processes, yet incorporating the latest design features and technology. Gliders such as the Wills Wing Sport, the Ultralight Products Comet 3, and Pacific Airwave Vision IV (the British-made version was renamed Calypso) filled that need.
The Ultralight Products factory had by this time moved to Elsinore, California.
After take off, the pilot swings his legs up and places them on traditional rudder pedals, thus commencing full three-axis controlled flying. … Finally, the “bomb bay” doors are closed manually greatly reducing the aerodynamic drag of the fuselage.
— Chuck Rhodes (1)
This Reich & Neumann ULF-1 landed at Ager, northern Spain, in September 1989. The onlookers are mostly of the Norfolk (UK) hang gliding club. The type first flew in November 1977. It had a 34 ft span and weighed 100 lb. It was technically a hang glider in that it could be foot-launched.
See under External links for more of the ULF-1.
The Wills Wing Sport, introduced in August 1986, was the first hang glider (in the USA at least) to be made with an airframe of the stronger 7075 aluminium alloy, which enabled Wills Wing to build it a few pounds lighter. Other manufacturers raised questions concerning that material’s fatigue life and susceptibility to corrosion, but (as far as I know) no such problems were encountered.
A streamer on each of the two front wires casts a shadow on the sail.
Larry Tudor was at this time a distance world record holding pilot. On June 26th 1988, Tudor and Geoff Loyns flew together (each in their own glider) on an out-and-return journey of nearly 200 miles in the Owens Valley, California. (Loyns flew a glider built by the new Australian manufacturer Enterprise Wings.)
Geoff Loyns, from Cardiff, Wales, wears a T-shirt advertising Brains beer. Wales is known for, among other things, its people’s advocacy of education. When I was a student in south Wales in the late 1970s, a large sign at Cardiff railway station proclaimed It’s Brains you want…
In July 1989, Loyns used a rocket-deployed emergency parachute when his glider tucked in the Owens Valley. See the external video link Geoff Loyns talks about his Hang Glider tumble… later on this page.
During 1988 and 1989, the centre of gravity of long distance hang gliding moved from the Owens Valley of California-Nevada to Wyoming. Kevin Christopherson flew a series of flights, usually among several other hang gliders, culminating in cross-country distance world records. His mother and sisters took turns driving chase.
Christopherson and his friends pioneered new flying sites in Wyoming. Just accessing them sometimes necessitated digging through snow.
After three hours of shoveling we finally busted through the last drift only to find the wind was out of the north. Wanting to fly, we set out with an ax and hatchet and cleared a north launch.
— Kevin Christopherson, World Record in Wyoming, published in Hang Gliding, August 1988
On his 287 mile record from Whiskey Peak, Wyoming, to Kyle, South Dakota, he had to change his variometer battery, which involved fiddling with small parts while gliding between thermals. After losing height over the Pine Ridge Indian reservation, with no roads below, he caught sight of a golden eagle circling in a thermal…
At this point I was farther along than any man had ever flown in a hang glider, going up in a strong thermal and sharing it with what could only be the spirit of an ancient Indian warrior.
— Kevin Christopherson writing in Hang Gliding, October 1989
On his later flights, Christopherson flew a British hang glider, the Airwave K-1, as did Welshman Geoff Loyns also by then. (I refuse to call it by its official name Magic Kiss, instead extrapolating backwards from Airwave’s next gliders, the K-2, K-3, K-4, and K-5!)
Distance world records are for single flights. In the summer of 1988, a small team set about a different kind of distance attempt…
For Skip Brown’s amazing photography, see under External links later on this page.
Greg DeWolf, looking for Cindy Drozda after she landed out of radio contact, encountered a female police officer:
She told me that search and rescue consisted of a man on horseback and she had never seen a helicopter except on TV…
— Greg DeWolf writing in Hang Gliding, May 1989
Eventually, the three pilots of Fly America and their ground crew were reunited after one of many adventures on this transcontinental journey in the second half of 1988 and early 1989.
…the last vestige of a fiery sunset gave way to the golden light of a full moon, and the anxiety of the day faded into the serenity of the night.
The Fly America team was supported by people along the route, not all of them hang glider people, who gave their time, money, and goods to the cause.
We then retired to the prettiest, tidiest bed and breakfast establishment this side of Europe and stayed for a few great nights’ sleep and grand breakfasts every morning. The woman who owned the accommodation had a collection of windmill pictures, and boy did we have just the addition for her collection.
— Greg DeWolf writing in Hang Gliding, September 1989
Alicia Hansen, promotion coordinator for Fly America, arranged television, radio, and newspaper coverage at several places across the U.S.A.
We had 30 TV stations arrive on site to tape broadcasts; 40 newspapers obtained interviews and 30 radio stations came out for interviews.
— Greg DeWolf writing in Hang Gliding, September 1989
Ian Huss, of Boulder, Colorado, learned some dos and don’ts from that experience…
If you must promote the daredevil image, demand top dollar, so at least you’ll be paid for selling out the rest of us.
— Ian Huss writing in Hang Gliding, July 1989
In 1984, Ian Huss had flown to 23,600 feet in a Comet 2. Although he had a barograph attached, he did not claim it as a record because he had not obtained prior permission to exceed 18,000 ft, which is a blanket limit in the U.S.A.(2) For photos of Ian descending under his emergency parachute after a midair collision, see Grouse Mountain invitational 1984.
On the penultimate leg of Fly America, Greg DeWolf aimed to land at First Flight Airport on the Outer Banks, North Carolina, near where the Wright brothers flew and from where in 1979 astronaut Neil Armstrong set altitude and climb records in a Learjet. DeWolf had only enough height for a straight-in approach and he would be lucky to clear the trees, then a light aircraft turned onto the runway…
I held my course and was relieved at the quickness of the craft’s acceleration. I relaxed watching the plane cross my path a half mile in front of me. I relaxed, that is, until I saw the second plane start rolling down the runway! Couldn’t anything on this trip be easy?
— Greg DeWolf writing in Hang Gliding, July 1989
This topic continues in Hang gliding 1990 to 1993.
1. Chuck Rhodes, The ULF-1, Whole Air, May 1985
2. Ian Huss flying to 23,600 ft: Dan Johnson, Product Lines in Whole Air, August 1984 and October 1984
Geoff Loyns talks about his Hang Glider tumble and ballistic reserve deployment in Owens Valley, USA, on YouTube
Photo of Greg DeWolf and the windmill on the Skip Brown Photography Facebook page
Remembering Greg DeWolf on the U.S. Hawks web site
Skip Brown Photography Facebook page
ULF-1 by Dieter Reich on Nest of Dragons